All work with press sheets other than the actual printing: cutting, jogging (to form a neat even stack of sheets), collating, folding, and stitching.
Fabricating process to cut any shape, design or pattern through the use of steel rule dies, rotary or circular dies, thermal dies and clicker dies, as well as machined compound and progressive die tooling.
Impressing an image in relief to achieve either a raised surface (embossing) or an indented pattern (debossing); may be either on blank paper (blind embossed) or overprinted.
The use of a thin sheet of metal, plastic or other shiny material (clear or opaque) which is "stamped" in a design onto the paper surface. Foil stamping can be combined with embossing or debossing. (With debossing, the image is pressed into paper so it lies below the surface.)
An operation performed— commonly after printing and cutting—to fold a press sheet into a signature, map, pamphlet, etc.
Any finishing work done by hand: assembly, collating, gluing, etc.
The application of a thin plastic film to a printed sheet for protection or appearance, creating a hard, glossy surface that is impervious to stains.
Cutting off excess press sheet material to create the final size of the printed page/image.